There are many mysterious types of disorders which simply leave us stunned. We do not know how to react when we come across such kind of diseases or health condition. But the fact remain that such kind of issues do exist and when a person gets affected by them, it creates a lot of complications. Some of them are so grave in nature that they can even lead to death of the person. The most painful part comes when it happens to the infants who haven’t even seen the world. But unfortunately such kind of health issue does strike them and even before they are born. They have a very huge impact on the child’s health and it can even threaten the longevity of the child’s life leading to the death of the infant.
One such condition that can create such kind of problem is Hydranencephaly. This is a condition in which cerebral hemispheres of the brain and is replaced by sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid. The infant with the issue of Hydranencephaly might appear normal at the time of birth. The infant’s head size and the spontaneous reflexes such as sucking, swallowing, crying and moving arms and legs may all seem normal. But after a span of few weeks the infant usually becomes irritable and has increased muscle tone. After few months of life the infant might suffer from seizures and hydrocephalus. The other symptoms of this health condition include visual impairment, lack of growth, deafness, blindness and spastic quadriparesis and intellectual deficits. Hydranencephaly is considered to be a very rare disorder which is characterized by a cyst or cavity in the cerebral hemispheres and it may be caused by a vascular infection or traumatic disorders after the twelfth week of pregnancy.
The diagnosis of this problem can be delayed for several months because the infant’s early behavior appears very normal. Transillumination of the head in which a strong light shines through the head generally confirms the diagnosis. Some of the infants show symptoms of abnormalities at the birth itself which includes seizures, involuntary sudden and rapid movements and respiratory issue. According to a medical journal it reports Hydranencephaly as an autosomal inherited disorder with an unknown mode of transmission, where an unknown blockage of carotid artery where it enters the cranium causes obstruction and damage to the cerebral cortex.
There is no set type of treatment available for curing or to tackle with this disorder. In some of the cases, the first year is often very difficult for a child to cope with the issue of Hydranencephaly and they also die. Some of the children survive and stabilize. Some children develop breathing difficulties and may need suctioning and in a few cases children have needed to have a tracheostomy and use a ventilator. However the symptoms of this disorder might differ based on the severity of the issue. The only treatment option that is available for tackling Hydranencephaly is symptomatic and supportive. It can also be treated with a shunt.