Toothache can cause discomfort, pain that may be sharp, throbbing, or constant. If the pain is severe there may be swelling also around the tooth. It also makes the affected person feel sick.
Let us check what causes tooth ache
Toothache occurs due to various reasons like when there is inflammation in the innermost layer of the tooth called pulp- is a soft tissue that extends from crown to the tip of the root. It contains blood and nerve vessels and other tissues helpful to supply nutrients and signals to the teeth.
- Toothache can occur when there are cavities (an area of decay or a hallowed out space in a tooth) or when the outer layer of the teeth called enamel that protects our teeth is ruptured, that leads to exposure of underlying surface resulting in tooth ache.
- Gum disease is also called In this condition the inner layer of the gum and bone detach themselves away from the teeth and form spaces as a result small particles get collected in these small spaces between teeth and gums and can become infected. If left untreated – teeth, gums, and bones become severely infected and cause pain and bleeding in the gums and tooth ache. In most cases of tooth loss, gum disease is the main cause of tooth loss in adults.
- Tooth abscess is also one of the causes that can cause tooth ache. Abscess is a pocket of pus that forms around the root of an affected tooth. This happens when tooth decay progresses to the root of the tooth and the surrounding tissues are infected resulting in throbbing tooth ache, which needs to be attended by the dentist immediately.
- Tooth fracture is also one of the top causes of tooth ache. This condition affects the person when the teeth cracks or chips off due to various reasons like while playing some intense games or biting something hard or sticky. You may not be bothered immediately, but when the tooth fractures it can start to pain as the tooth gets damaged over time. If you are feeling pain in a fractured tooth, it is an indication that the fracture has found its way to the middle of the tooth where the nerve endings are and can result in severe tooth pain. Tooth fractures should not be neglected it should be treated by your dentist as soon as possible and before the condition worsens.